A new study has found that antibiotic use in children who are younger than 2 years is linked with a variety of ailments such as asthma, allergies, and other conditions. Babies, who are given antibiotics before 2 years of age are at a higher risk of developing such health issues later in life. As per the study, children who have received one dose of antibiotics before 2 years of age have been at a higher risk of being diagnosed with asthma, eczema, hay fever, food allergies, and celiac disease. Experts have said that such kids are more likely to be diagnosed with conditions such as obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well. The findings of the study have been published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Experts have found that multiple antibiotic treatments below 2 years of age have been linked to a child having multiple health conditions. The study says that such health conditions differ due to a child’s age, gender, type of treatment, and quantity of dose.
The senior author of the study Nathan LeBrasseur has said that the study shows the link between antibiotic use in kids below 2 years and such health conditions. However, it does not show the reason for these health issues. Experts have looked at the data of 14500 children who have been enrolled in the Rochester Epidemiology Project. This research is a long-term study, which observes the medical records of participants in Minnesota and Wisconsin. This study has shown that at least 70 percent of children have been given antibiotic treatment. Most of them have been given multiple antibiotic treatments. Among kids, who have been given one or two antibiotic treatments, girls have been at a higher risk of being diagnosed with asthma and celiac disease as compared to those kids who have not been exposed to antibiotics. While children who have received three to four antibiotic treatments, boys and girls both have been at much greater risk of asthma, atopic dermatitis, and obesity. Experts have said that girls are more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD and celiac disease while boys are at a higher risk of being diagnosed with obesity.
The study has found that kids of both sexes, who have been given five and more antibiotic treatments, are notably at a higher risk of asthma, ADHD, allergic rhinitis, overweight, and obesity. While girls are more likely to be diagnosed with celiac disease. Experts have said that penicillin, which is a most common prescription antibiotic, is linked to a higher risk of asthma and overweight in girls and boys. However, experts have found that it might be able to reduce the risk of autism in girls. Another drug called cephalosporin is linked with a higher risk of many conditions including autism and food allergies in children. The lead author of the study believes that it might be due to the disruption of the gut bacteria in babies, which is essential for the development of the immune system. It is responsible for neural growth, body composition, and metabolism as well. Antibiotics are incapable of distinguishing between good and bad bacteria present in the digestive tract. Therefore, they kill all of them; it leaves the gut without suitable microbiome distribution.