India’s moon mission Chandrayaan-2 successfully enters in lunar orbit at midnight on Tuesday. It’s a minor but significant step by the spacecraft toward its journey to the moon. The moon vehicle or the Chandrayaan-2 as they called in the Sanskrit language entered the lunar orbit at midnight in a difficult insertion process which took twenty-nine minutes. The chairman of ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization), Kailasavadivoo Sivan told reporters that our hearts nearly stopped till the completion of work. He further added that the landing was a terrifying moment as for the very first time we are doing that phase.
If Chandrayaan-2 lands successfully on the moon, then India will be the fourth nation only to achieve the landmark. Before India, the only United States, the former Soviet Union, and China made landing on the moon. Prime minister of India Narendra Modi applauded ISRO on twitter giving best wishes to the team. Further, the spacecraft have to complete a sequence of orbit drills by placing itself into the round orbit passing above lunar poles. The distance is about 100 km (62 miles) from the moon to lunar poles. After that, the lander called Vikram (called after Vikram Sarabhai, the inventor of Indian space program) will detach from the core vessel and touch down the moon’s surface.
The ISRO is expecting a landing to occur on 7th September 2019. The robotic rover called Pragyan will then organize and spend Fourteen Earth days, or 1 lunar day collecting chemical and mineral samples from surface of the moon. The orbiter will plan the surface of lunar over the next year and research the outer environment of moon. The Chandrayaan-2 consisting of three elements lander, rover, and lunar orbiter all designed and developed by ISRO. The weight of the spacecraft is 3.8 tons and can carry 13 payloads. The Chandrayaan-2 launched on 22 July 2019 from Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota. However, the launching was scheduled earlier on 15 July but got postponed due to a technical problem.