The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has released its new guidelines for pregnant women. The agency has warned women saying that commonly used painkillers like ibuprofen and fever medicines might be harmful to pregnant women and their babies in the womb. The officials of the agency have said that if women take these medications around or after 20 weeks of pregnancy, it can lead to severe kidney issues. The FDA is proposing to change the labeling of these non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Both prescription or over the counter drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen fall under the NSAIDs. NSAIDs include diclofenac, celecoxib, and aspirin as well, which are above 81 mg. The FDA has said these drugs block the formation of chemicals in the body, which are responsible for inflammation.
The acting director of the FDA, Dr. Patrizia Cavazzoni has said that, women who are pregnant need to understand the risks and advantages of the medications they are taking during the pregnancy. Experts have said that severe kidney issues can cause further complications in the pregnancy. Experts say that kidneys produce a chemical called amniotic acid; it works like a safety cover surrounding the baby in the womb. Most amniotic acids are produced after 20 weeks of conception and damaged kidneys can lead to low levels of amniotic acids. It will lessen the protection for the baby in the mother’s womb, said the experts.
Another gynecologist, Dr. Jennifer Wu has said that low levels of amniotic acid can cause issues in the growth of the baby as well. Health professionals can detect levels of amniotic fluid in the womb as early as two days after having these medicines. The FDA officials have said that the levels of this fluid come back to normal as the mother stops having these medications. Experts have asked pregnant women to avoid these NSAIDs after 20 weeks of conception. They have advised women to treat their fever and pain with other medicines like acetaminophen. Dr. Wu has warned saying that taking ibuprofen and other NSAIDs in the third trimester can lead to heart problems in the baby.