NASA: Speed-breeding method to raise Wheat production



NASA doing experiments to grow wheat in space which inspired the Australian scientists to develop a new technique to raise the Wheat production. Australian scientists have developed the world’s first ‘speed breeding’ method that can boost the wheat production.

The ‘speed breeding’ method was developed by scientists at the University of Sydney, the University of Queensland (UQ) and the John Innes Centre. This technique would help to raise the wheat crop production three times more than the normal production.

NASA Wheat 1

In this experiment, there should be continuous fall of light on the Wheat crop which would stimulate early reproduction in the plants.

Lee Hickey said that We thought we could use the NASA idea to grow plants quickly back on Earth, and in turn, accelerate the genetic gain in our plant breeding programmes. Lee Hickey is a Senior Research Fellow at University of Queensland (UQ) in Australia. For doing this experiment they used specially constructed glasshouses.

We can grow two or three generation if we grow the wheat crop in a regular glass house but by using speed breeding techniques in specially modified glasshouses we can grow six generations of wheat, chickpea and barley plants, and four generations of canola plants in a single year Hickey said.

By providing the daylight conditions in the specially modified glasshouse all the time we can get a good quality and yield of the plants which grow under this controlled conditions than the plants that grow under the normal conditions in regular house Hickey said.
Scientists have been expecting that world population would reach up to 900 crores by 2050. So to feed all the nine billion people the world has to produce 60-80 percent more food by 2050. Along with the Dow AgroSciences scientists have been producing a  new ‘DS Faraday’ wheat variety due for release to industry this year.

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