Scientists have unearthed some interesting facts about the diet and behavior of dinosaurs by reconstructing the brain of the extinct reptile. Experts have used advanced imaging and 3D modeling techniques to rebuild the brain of the dinosaur. Experts from the UK’s University of Bristol have been able to recreate the brain of Thecodontosaurus. Thecodontosaurus used to be quite prevalent in England around 205 million years ago, said the experts. The study of the digitally made brain of the extinct reptile has found that contrary to its plant-eating relatives such as Diplodocus and Brontosaurus, they might have been eating meat and might have used two legs to walk around. Experts have found many surprising facts while analyzing the brain of the Thecodontosaurus. The lead author of the study, Antonio Ballell has said that they might have been eating meat occasionally.
Thecodontosaurus whose name suggests socket tooth lizard was the size of a huge dog and it used to live in the Late Triassic age. As per the data, massive fossils of the dinosaurs, which are also known as the Bristol dinosaur, have been found in the 1800s. However, scientists have been able to observe the specimens quite recently. They have used 3D models developed from CT scans to observe the specimen of Bristol dinosaurs without tearing them down. Scientists have taken out bone from the rock digitally and found some anatomical details about the brain and the inner ear of the dinosaur, which have not been spotted in the fossils. The lead author of the study has said that though the actual brain of the reptile has gone long back, however, technology helps to rebuild the brain and inner ear shape with the help of the dimensions of the cavities, which are left behind. Experts have compared the braincase of Thecodontosaurus to other dinosaurs as well. They have found some common traits and some different traits as well, which are specific to Thecodontosaurus.
Experts have said that the brain cast of the creature has shown floccular lobes, which are quite essential for balance. It shows that dinosaurs might have been able to walk on two legs. Experts have claimed that this feature is linked to eye and neck movement as well. It shows that Thecodontosaurus might have been quite agile and would have been able to keep a stable watch while moving fast on two legs. The study has shown that some parts of Thecodontosaurus’ brain, which would have been responsible for keeping the head, eyes, and gaze stable during the movement might have been well developed. It indicates that they might have been able to catch prey occasionally, though plants would have been the main element of their diet. However, they might have acquired omnivorous eating habits later, said the experts. Scientists have reconstructed the inner ears of the dinosaur as well. They found that they might have a high hearing frequency. It would have helped them to identify noises made by other animals. This feature shows that there would have been some sort of social complexity in dinosaurs.