India-China: Border conflicts being the rudimentary reason for the four-decade dispute between the two world’s most populous nations in the world. A war between India and China in 1962 (Sino-India war) that lasted for one month from 20 Oct 1962 – 21 Nov 1962 was a big loss for both the nations both economically and politically. Since then, China has always been in an attempt to gain geopolitical supremacy over India. Although India has good relations with China in terms of trade. India exported over $9 billion worth of goods to China and imported goods worth $61.7 billion from China last year. When it comes to border issues, there’s always been a conflict between India and China.
One Belt One Road (OBOR) or Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) program is a master plan devised by China to extend its trade and traveling across the world by creating the road, rail and port infrastructure connecting China to the world. China already was in treaty with Pakistan and China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is in progress which is a part of OBOR.China and Pakistan have no common border. In order to build CPEC, some area of Kashmir which Pakistan has occupied illegally has to be included in the construction of CPEC. India strongly reprehends CPEC which served as the major cause for India not to participate in OBOR meet on May 14-16 this year.
As a part of OBOR, China attempted to build a road at Doklam. Doklam is a tri junction which lies north of China, east of Bhutan and west of India.India and Bhutan are in alliance with each other. India and Bhutan consider Dhoklam as Bhutanese territory.It is still in dispute between Bhutan and China. Bhutan officially asked China to retreat from building the road over disputed area. However, China has launched construction vehicles at Doklam claiming that it was their territory.
In 2007, a new treaty between India and Bhutan led India to get interfered in the situation. On June 18, 2017, around 270 Indian troops, with weapons and two bulldozers, entered Doklam to stop the Chinese troops from building the road. China claimed that Indian soldiers were stepped into their territory China warned India to retreat. India negotiated China’s warning which raised India-China border tensions again. Both the nations took this issue so serious that at some instance it seemed there is going to be a war between India and China.